What is high glucose? What is it?
Glucose is associated with sugar, and its level in the blood is called blood sugar.

Having very high blood sugar levels does not only affect those who eat sweet foods, but affects anyone who has ever had a high blood sugar level.


Consuming any food that contains carbohydrates can cause your blood glucose levels to rise because our bodies convert these nutrients into sugar when they are digested. What is important is that you know how much and how quickly your blood glucose levels change.

What is altered glucose? This is a condition that can lead to diabetes.
Glucose levels can be measured in the blood even after fasting or after eating, and the results of these tests will be different.

Changes in blood glucose levels can indicate serious health risks, so it is important that you know the following simple rules when you fast or when you eat too many carbohydrates, to make sure that your doctor has diagnosed the problem correctly.

reference value. What should be taken into account in your diagnosis?
Glucose levels during the 6 to 12 hour fasting period: 70 to 99 mg/dL. When glucose levels rise to 200 mg/dL or higher, this is considered diabetes.


Random rise during or after eating a lot of carbohydrates or when there has been a spike in blood glucose (GLU) levels: 200 mg/dL.
There are some abnormalities that occur within these ranges that must be identified before they become a serious problem. They tell you how to modify your diet and how to control your blood sugar levels.

Having a fasting glucose level that is higher than 100 mg/dL is called an altered fasting glucose. We are already diagnosed with diabetes when we reach 126 mg/dL.
In people who have not fasted for a long time, if you have a glucose level that is above 140 mg/dL, you may have diabetes.

If you have a blood glucose level that is above 200 mg/dL, it means that you are insulin resistant.
It is very important that you monitor your glucose level at least once a year and pay attention to changes in this measurement and any warning signs that may appear.

Symptoms of high blood glucose: fasting and excessive thirst. Uncontrollable hunger and thirst.
You may not experience any of the symptoms of high blood glucose, but it may persist for many years.


This is why frequent monitoring is so important. It doesn’t always cause symptoms, but if high blood glucose levels are present, they cause damage to the body and organs.

It is very common to have symptoms of having too much glucose, such as: frequent thirst or excessive urination.Having excessive thirst and urine production in the urine.Levels of

  • Excessive urine production. You may be tired more than usual.
  • Those who are excessively thirsty are extremely hungry.
  • Sudden weight loss when there is no need to reduce calories consumed.
  • Frequent and excessive tiredness and fatigue.
  • They will have blurred vision. They will get tired very quickly.
  • Dry skin, difficulty using the bathroom, difficulty swallowing liquids.
  • Problems with healing.
  • Severe headaches.
  • Dizziness;
  • You may have abdominal pain and nausea.
  • Changes in the way you breathe.
  • More frequent infections. more often with infections.
  • Symptoms of low blood glucose.

Low blood glucose, or hypoglycemia, usually causes symptoms that are serious. It can cause accidents at work, car accidents, and falls.

The symptoms when low blood sugar (60-70 mg/dL) are usually mild and many people ignore them. When your glucose is low, it can cause headaches, feeling tired, having trouble sleeping, having trouble controlling your appetite, and having trouble sleeping.


If you lower your blood sugar to levels that are lower than 60 mg / dL, symptoms can worsen and cause you to faint, have seizures, or even death.

Low blood sugar can cause many things: Feeling tired. Thoughts of suicide; loss of hair; loss of skin.

  • Headache;
  • Dizziness;
  • Hunger;
  • Changes in mood, weakness, confusion, weakness, confusion, headaches, and many other signs of hypoglycemia.
  • Tremor
  • Paleness;
  • It is very common for people to feel confused and have feelings of being unable to control themselves.
  • Reduced coordination of muscles.
  • Low blood sugar levels, as in very low glucose levels or hypoglycemia.
  • Fainting;
  • Symptoms of hypoglycemia include: Feeling very tired and often having seizures.
  • Coma.

Hypoglycemia is dangerous because some people lose the ability to tell when their blood sugar is low; when this happens, the person is at risk of becoming unconscious or unconscious. In diabetics, continuous glucose monitoring and control of glucose levels is essential for better control and treatment.

RISK FACTORS. The risk factors that cause people to become hyperglycemic are:
Changes in blood sugar levels are closely related to how people live and act. Having a healthy diet and regularly doing some aerobic exercise can help control blood sugar levels.

Diabetes can be inherited to some extent, but it is not a disease that is punishable. Having good habits and getting tested regularly helps you to notice when you are at risk of developing diabetes or to help you manage it.

Obesity is another risk factor for diabetes. Long periods of fasting and high-intensity exercise without expert guidance can lead to hypoglycemia.

What is the difference between diabetes that people develop during pregnancy and diabetes that develops during pregnancy?
Diabetes causes high blood glucose levels in people with type 1 diabetes; it affects men and women as well as children.
It is a very common disease that is not cured, but is treated well. Because of the complications that can occur with diabetes, it is difficult to prescribe drugs and sometimes it is difficult to modify our lifestyles to treat it.

The complications that can occur from having diabetes are directly related to the control of the disease. Diabetics who have good control over their glucose levels have a low rate of kidney, eye, and circulatory diseases.

Type 1 diabetes is not an acute disease; it is a chronic disease that can affect anyone.

Type 1 diabetes is a genetic and autoimmune disease that affects children and adolescents. It is characterized by sudden signs and symptoms that indicate that your blood sugar is too low. In type 1 diabetes, the body stops producing insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar; therefore, treatment is based on insulin injections (subcutaneous injections) or on changing your diet and physical activity.

Type 2 diabetes is much more common in adults and older people.
This is the most common type of diabetes, affecting men and women equally, and children less often than adults.

It is highly associated with bad lifestyle habits and unhealthy foods, and also with obesity. There is a certain type of behavior that people are more familiar with because they tend to do things that are consistent with their lifestyle (hedonic eating habits).

It is possible to avoid this by changing our habits at the right time. In type 2 diabetes, the insulin produced by the body has less effect on blood glucose levels, so it is less effective in controlling blood sugar levels. Treatment may include oral and injectable medications, as well as changes in diet and physical activity habits.

Diabetes that occurs during pregnancy can also affect women with type 2 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes is caused by the fact that diabetes is a common problem that can occur during pregnancy. This term does not include pregnant women who have already been diagnosed with diabetes. So if in the first trimester your blood glucose levels are high (above 126 mg / dL), it is likely that you have gestational diabetes.

In some cases of type 2 diabetes, due to the production of certain substances by the placenta that are associated with some genetic predispositions of the mothers, insulin is not able to act effectively in controlling the level of glucose in the blood.

It occurs in the second or third trimester during pregnancy and must be treated for the benefit of the mother and baby. Excess weight gain during pregnancy is also very important, so exercising and getting good nutritional advice during pregnancy is very important.

This test is indicated by ultrasound of the placenta around 24 weeks of pregnancy, and pregnant women are tested to see if they have enough glucose tolerance to perform the glucose tolerance test, also known as the glycemic curve test.

The glycemic index is a number that lets you know how your blood sugar levels will be during periods of fasting and after you have consumed some glucose. A pregnant woman may have a normal blood sugar level, but it can also be indicative of gestational diabetes by having a blood sugar level (fasting) that is higher than 92 mg/dl at any time during her pregnancy.

This test is indicated by the placental ultrasound around 24 weeks of pregnancy, and pregnant women are tested to see if they have enough glucose tolerance to perform the glucose tolerance test, also known as the glycemic curve test.

The glycemic index is a number that lets you know how your blood sugar levels will be during periods of fasting and after you have consumed some glucose. A pregnant woman may have a normal blood sugar level, but it can also be indicative of gestational diabetes by having a blood sugar level (fasting) that is higher than 92 mg/dl at any time during her pregnancy.

Glucose Test with TITAS (Titera – Insulin Test)
This is because the patient can perform a glucose test at home on their own. It allows more frequent monitoring of your blood glucose levels.

Capillary glucose is different from the glucose that is accurately dosed by a laboratory because the places where the blood is taken are different (capillary vessels in the fingers vs. venous collection). The analytical method used in each case is different. It is possible for different lab facilities to administer different doses of insulin, sometimes up to 20%.

Fasting blood glucose
Fasting glucose is the measurement of blood glucose levels after you have not eaten or drunk anything for 8 to 12 hours. Fasting must be strict because all foods, whether hard or soft, containing sugar, or that are sweet or salty, can affect the rate at which blood sugar is generated, so avoid eating foods that are very high in sugar.

It is impossible to control blood glucose levels when fasting for long periods of time, because hormones and other substances stimulate the body to produce more glucose, which causes it to produce higher rates of glucose than expected.

The tests are quick and easy, and are done by taking a quick sample of blood.

Normal values are 70 to 99 mg/dl.

A1c, or a rapidly decreasing amount of red blood cells in the body, causes blood sugar levels to become high.
The glycated hemoglobin, or HBA1c, is a blood test that allows you to see an average of your blood glucose levels over the past 90 to 120 days.

It is excellent as a test that allows people to monitor their blood sugar levels and can be used to support a diagnosis of diabetes. A1c can be used as a screening test and for diabetes management in some patients.

This test does not require fasting to allow collection.

There is no change in blood glucose levels after a meal.

It allows the determination of average daily glucose levels for the person and allows the calculation of estimated average daily glucose levels.

There are well-established goals for controlling diabetes.

It can be interfered with by many factors and medications, including anemia, hemoglobinopathies, hyperuricemia, and other conditions that cause a low hemoglobin level. It can also be interfered with by many medications that cause people to have frequent hypoglycemia.

The test is simple and quick, done through a blood draw.

The normal range for people who are not diabetic is 4.9 to 5.8%.

You can find what an average blood glucose estimate (GME) is in the table that follows. It is the result of a calculation that has been done to understand and interpret glycated hemoglobin levels. Note that this is a general calculation and that glucose levels fluctuate throughout the day, making it difficult to calculate an exact value.

Fructosamine is a blood test that allows you to measure your blood glucose levels over the past 14 days. In patients with blood disorders and other conditions that alter HbA1c, such as anemia and hemoglobinopathies, high urea and triglycerides, and frequent use of ASA

1.5 Anhydroglucytol. In diabetic patients, having high blood glucose levels can be helpful.
It is a blood test that measures how long you have been exposed to high glucose levels and is excellent as a test of diabetes control.

It is inversely related to diabetes control: the lower the rate at which sugar levels are raised, the longer the exposure to high glucose levels.

The A1c can be useful for diagnosing diabetic patients because it gives us the glucose level we need to start insulin therapy.

It cannot help people who oscillate between hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia and who may have false normal HbA1c levels.

Postprandial glucose is measured after a person has had a small amount of food, and the results are displayed in a table that can be consulted for more details. It is an important indicator to assess the degree to which people can tolerate glucose, even in people who don’t have diabetes.

It is important that the blood samples are taken 2 hours after a meal.

If your blood glucose levels are above 140 mg/dL, you should be retested or start making some lifestyle changes to improve your health.

Recommended blood glucose levels for patients with type 2 diabetes vary according to their age; they are below 160 mg/dL (5.9 mmol/L) for adults and 180 mg/dL (7.9 mmol/L) for children, with special variations for groups such as infants, teenagers, and the elderly.

Excess blood glucose tolerance test (OGTT):
The glycemic curve, TTOG or oral glucose overdose is important in diagnosing glucose problems.

It is a test that takes an average of 2 hours to perform, but your doctor may suggest that the time is longer. It is a blood test that requires taking a number of blood samples at regular intervals.

After the first blood sample is taken, a solution containing glucose is prepared and offered to be taken orally.
Using a blood test, you will be able to determine how much blood sugar you need before taking a glucose solution and after eating. This will let you know how quickly your body can absorb and process glucose.

Other tests can be performed with glucose and other substances, including tests for insulin or c-peptide. It is very important to have several types of tests to be able to interpret and diagnose your glucose metabolism.

There are no reference values for every time blood is taken, but 120 minutes of excessive glucose intake is the most important test for diabetes. Any result above 200 mg/dl in 120 minutes is indicative of diabetes.

This test does not help you become diabetic, but it can confirm your diagnosis.

It is the main diagnostic tool for gestational diabetes and should be performed at least 24 weeks after delivery.

Gestational diabetes is confirmed by special values derived from TTOG, as indicated below. Just one of the three changes in glucose level is enough for your doctor to make a diagnosis; it is not enough for any other test to be performed.